written by art historian & curatorMihaela Manolache
Recycled art, also known as up-cycled or found object art, emerged as a form of artistic expression during the 20th century. The concept gained significant recognition and popularity during the 1960s and 1970s with the rise of the environmental movement and the increasing emphasis on sustainability.
During this time, artists began to experiment with unconventional materials and objects, often salvaged from everyday waste or discarded items. They transformed these materials into artworks, challenging traditional notions of art and exploring themes related to consumerism, waste, and environmental concerns. This marked a departure from the traditional use of art materials like canvas and paint. One notable pioneer of recycled art is the French artist Marcel Duchamp, who is known for his readymade — ordinary objects that he selected and declared to be art. Duchamp’s groundbreaking work in the early 20th century laid the foundation for the conceptual and transformative nature of recycled art.
Today, recycled art provides a compelling platform for artists to reimagine and reinterpret famous artworks, infusing them with new meanings and raising awareness about pressing environmental issues. Through the use of discarded materials, many artists pay tribute to the masters while challenging viewers to reflect upon important cultural and artistic issues. Contemporary artists employ a wide range of recycled materials in their reinterpretations of famous artworks. The choice of materials often depends on the artist’s creative vision, the specific artwork being reinterpreted, and the intended message or concept. We can split recycled materials into several categories: found objects, scrap metal, paper and cardboard, plastic, glass, electronic waste, and natural and organic materials. All materials are to be recuperated from special containers and recycling stations or just from the street.
Artists collect and repurpose various objects, by transforming and integrating them into the artwork, adding texture, depth, and symbolic…